Women’s health is the most crucial because they hold an important role to give birth to healthy and smart. To that end, created screening tests that must be passed before the woman would like to have children.
Screening Tests for Women Should Have
1. Cervical Cancer Test
Either a test or Pap Smear or HPV swab test that is commonly used to test for the presence of HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) that must be conducted by women aged 21 to 65 years old. It is recommended to do it every 3 years, or every 5 years if you are in the range of ages of 30 and 65.
The benefits, you may not need to do a pelvic examination again. This test is important because it can see the changes that indicate whether someone has cancer or not.
2. Colorectal Cancer screening
That is the form of colonoscopy. Person age 50-75 years old is required to do so. For those between the ages of 75-85 should discuss with their doctor whether they still have to do the test. Assuming everything looks normal, the test is carried out every 10 years.
Women may underestimate the risk for diseases such as colon cancer or premalignant lesions or polyps early, even though it is the third most common cancer and the most deadly for women, after breast cancer and lung cancer, according to the CDC. If your family has a history of colorectal cancer, the doctor may recommend doing the initial screening and controlling within a decade.
Premalignant lesions are morphologically atypical tissue, which appears abnormal under microscopic examination, and in which cancer is more likely to occur than in its apparently normal counterpart. Examples of premalignant conditions include: actinic keratosis. Barrett’s esophagus. Atrophic gastritis.
3. Skrinning breast cancer
This screening in the form of a mammogram is required for women started to age 50-74. While women between the ages of 40-49, as well as women age 75 and over, must consult your doctor first.
If you are at risk or have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, your doctor may recommend mammogram once a year.
Mammograms can detect breast cancer, so as to help prevent the spread of cancer cells more quickly.
A mammogram is an x-ray picture of the breast. It can be used to check for breast cancer in women who have no signs or symptoms of the disease. It can also be used if you have a lump or other sign of breast cancer. Screening mammography is the type of mammogram that checks you when you have no symptoms.
4. Blood Pressure Test
A measurement of blood using the tensimeter/sphygmomanometer. Started when women aged 18 years and over at least once a year. This test is important because high blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease. If found blood pressure above normal or being dropped off, the doctor will recommend changes in diet and lifestyle, sometimes accompanied by medication if it is very high.
A sphygmomanometer, blood pressure meter, blood pressure monitor or blood pressure gauge is a device used to measure blood pressure, composed of an inflatable cuff to collapse and then release the artery under the cuff in a controlled manner, and a mercury or mechanical manometer to measure the pressure. It is always used in conjunction with a means to determine at what pressure blood flow is just starting, and at what pressure it is unimpeded. Manual sphygmomanometers are used in conjunction with a stethoscope.
5. Lipid Panel
Lipid profile or lipid panel is a panel of blood tests that serves as an initial broad medical screening tool for abnormalities in lipids, such as cholesterol and triglycerides. The results of this test can identify certain genetic diseases and can determine approximate risks for cardiovascular disease, certain forms of pancreatitis, and other diseases.
That is in the form of a blood test that measures your total cholesterol levels: good cholesterol (HDL), the bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglycerides (another type of fat in the blood).
Cholesterol test usually done after fasting for four to six hours before the test because the body under normal circumstances. Women aged 45 and above are required if have a high risk of heart disease, and perhaps also in women aged 20-45 if at high risk of heart disease.
This test is important because high cholesterol linked to heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. In relation to estrogen considered increasing good cholesterol (HDL), while the menopause, when estrogen decreases, so that the risk of heart disease increases.
6. Hepatitis C Test
Hepatitis C tests are used to screen for and diagnose a hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, to guide therapy and/or to monitor the treatment of an HCV infection. An HCV antibody test is used to screen for infection. It detects the presence of antibodies to the virus, indicating exposure to HCV.
7. Test your blood sugar levels
Test your blood sugar levels is to test the level of sugar in blood or urine. Women between the ages of 40 and 70 who are overweight or obese are required to perform this test. These tests are usually annual, but if you are in the category of pre-diabetes, it is recommended to test more frequently. This test is important because diabetes type 2 is one of the biggest risk factors for heart disease, in addition to increasing the risk of depression and eating disorders, both of which already is more common in women than men. With this test, you can control your blood sugar levels, and help delay the progression of diabetes or even make it normal.
8. Osteoporosis Screening Test
Skrining Osteoporosis test in the form of bone density test that required for women age 65 and over. If you are not at risk, every 10 years might be enough. But for women with a family history of osteoporosis or a history of a previous fracture, the doctor may recommend each year.
9. Depression Screening
Depression Screening by consulting with the doctor about mental health, it is recommended all people doing this test. Especially if found early symptoms of depression, are encouraged as often as possible any symptoms appear.
This test is important because women think about more things than men, making them at high risk of mental problems affected. In addition to mental health was terrible because it can result in disability.
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