Aspergers syndrome (English: Asperger syndrome, Asperger’s syndrome, Asperger’s disorder, Asperger’s or AS) is one of the symptoms of autism where its sufferers have difficulties in communicating with its environment, so it is less so acceptable.
This syndrome was discovered by Hans Asperger, a pediatrician from Austria in 1944, although it was recently researching and widely acknowledged by experts in the 1980’s. Asperger’s syndrome is distinguished by other autism symptoms seen from the linguistic and cognitive abilities of sufferers who are relatively decreased, even with a relatively high or average IQ (this means that most Asperger syndrome sufferers can live independently, unlike other autism). Asperger’s syndrome is also not a mental illness.
Causes of Aspergers syndrome
Causes of Asperger’s syndrome are aligned with the cause of autistic spectrum disorders. The exact cause is not yet known to date, but experts believe that a genetic disorder that is derived plays a role in the occurrence of autistic spectrum disorders as well as Asperger’s syndrome.
Risk Factors for Asperger syndrome
In some cases, Aspergers syndrome is also thought to be triggered by:
- Infection during pregnancy
- Exposure to agents or factors that cause changes in the shape of the fetus.
Symptoms of Asperger syndrome
The pediatrician agrees if Asperger’s syndrome has symptoms that are not too severe compared to other types of autism disease. Behind the intelligence that sufferers of this syndrome, there are some distinctive signs or symptoms, namely:
Difficult to interact.
Asperger’s Syndrome sufferers experience awkwardness in social interactions, both with family and others. Never mind communicating, even to make eye contact alone is a bit difficult.
Asperger’s syndrome sufferers rarely display facial expressions or body movements related to their emotional expressions. When happy, patients with Asperger syndrome will be hard to smile or can not laugh despite receiving a funny joke. The sufferer will also speak in a flat, flat tone, not unlike a talking robot.
When interacting with others, Asperger’s syndrome sufferer focuses solely on self-telling and has no interest in what the other person has. Asperger’s syndrome sufferers can spend hours discussing the hobby that it favors, such as talking about clubs, players, and football matches that he likes to the opposite.
Obsessive, repetitive, and less fond of change.
Routine do the same repetitive and do not accept changes in the surroundings is characteristic of Asperger syndrome sufferers. One of the most visible signs is to eat the same type of food for some time or prefer to dwell in the classroom during the rest of the day.
Children suffering from Asperger’s syndrome experience delay in its motoristic development, when compared to their age. Therefore, they often appear to be struggling when performing ordinary activities, such as catching a ball, riding a bicycle, or climbing a tree.
Physical or coordination impairment.
The physical condition of Asperger syndrome is weak. One of the signs is the style of walking sufferers tend to be stiff and easily shaky.
Asperger syndrome Diagnosis
The most easily detected symptoms of Asperger’s syndrome by parents or teachers in schools is the difficulty of the child in communicating and interacting with the surrounding people.
When the Asperger syndrome is often subjected to an erroneous diagnosis, it is considered to have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a long-term disorder that causes the child to be difficult to concentrate and overactive (hyperactivity).
To prevent this confusion, the doctor will evaluate the child deeply in terms of social interactions, attention when communicating, the use of language, facial expressions while speaking, as well as coordination of muscles and behaviors, in order to obtain a proper diagnosis.
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