Blood Clot in Lung Symptoms, Causes, and Diagnosis – Pulmonary embolism is a blockage that occurs in one of your pulmonary arteries. In many cases, pulmonary embolism is caused by frozen blood clots flowing to the lungs from the legs, or, more rarely of other parts of the body (deep vein thrombosis).
Because frozen blood clots obstruct blood flow to the lungs, this condition can be life-threatening if not immediately addressed. Taking action to prevent blood clotting in your feet will help protect you from pulmonary embolism.
How common is pulmonary embolism?
In many cases, pulmonary embolism is a condition commonly experienced by the elderly, especially over 70 years and obese. However, pulmonary embolism may also affect young age due to hereditary thrombotics. You can minimize the risk of developing pulmonary embolism by reducing risk factors. Please consult your doctor for further information.
Causes of pulmonary embolism.
Before you know what the Blood Clot in Lung Symptoms are, then the following is the cause of pulmonary embolism
Pulmonary embolism disease occurs due to blood blockages in the lungs. In most cases, a lot of blood clots are involved but directly attacked.
The part of the lung served by each artery that is blocked can die and is known as a pulmonary infarction. Consequently, the lungs become harder to provide oxygen throughout the body. But it does not close the possibility that the disease can arise due to the cause of the blood vessel blockage, for example:
- Fat from a broken long bone marrow.
- Collagen or other tissues.
- Part of the tumor.
- Air bubbles.
Other things that can increase your risk include:
- Being inactive for a long time. This can happen when you have to stay in bed after surgery or have a serious illness, or when you sit for a long time on a flight or road trip
- Surgery involving the legs, hips, abdomen, or brain
- Some diseases, such as cancer, heart failure, stroke, or severe infections
- Pregnancy and childbirth (especially if it has caesarean section)
- Taking birth control pills or hormone therapy.
- Family history has embolisms disease.
- Leg or hip fracture.
Blood Clot in Lung Symptoms.
The symptoms of pulmonary embolism disease vary depending on the size of the blood clot and whether a person has a lung or heart disease. Common signs and symptoms may occur among others:
Shortness of breath.
These symptoms usually appear suddenly and always deteriorate.
The sufferer may feel these symptoms such as experiencing a heart attack. The chest pain can get worse when the people with tries to breathe deeply, cough, eat, and bend. The pain gets worse, but will not disappear when the people with tries to rest.
Cough can result in bloody phlegm or blood stained.
Additionally, other signs and symptoms that may occur include:
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- Leg swollen or pain, or both, are usually in the calf.
- Sweating or discolored skin.
- Pale or bluish skin.
- Excessive sweating.
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat.
- The head feels light or dizzy.
- Difficulty catching breath, which can develop either suddenly or over time.
- Breathe Fast.
- Weak pulse pressure.
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Severe symptoms require immediate emergency medical assistance. More severe cases can cause shock, loss of consciousness, heart failure, and death.
If you have any of the above symptoms, you need to be checked into the doctor, especially if the symptoms suddenly occur and are become worse instantaneously.
What will the doctor do for diagnosis?
After knowing the Blood Clot in Lung Symptoms, what will the doctor do for diagnosis?
In some cases, pulmonary embolism can be difficult to diagnose. This is especially true if you already have a previous lung or heart disease, such as emphysema or high blood pressure.
When you visit a doctor with symptoms like the above, your doctor will ask you about your overall health history and any conditions you may have before.
Your doctor will usually do one or several checks to find the cause of the symptom you are experiencing. Tests required to detect pulmonary embolism include:
A standard examination that allows the doctor to see the condition of the heart and lungs in detail, as well as problems with the bones around the lungs.
This test is used to measure the electrical activity of the heart.
This Scan uses radio waves and magnetic fields to produce detailed images of the lungs and heart.
This Scan gives the doctor the ability to see pictures of a cross section of the lungs. A special scan called a V/Q scan may also be required.
This test requires a small incision so that the doctor can direct a special instrument through the veins. The doctor will inject a special dye so that the lung veins can be seen.
Venous Duplex Ultrasound
This test uses radio waves to visualize the bloodstream and to examine blood clotting in the legs.
This is a special X-ray of the veins of your feet. A specific blood test known as a D-dimer test.
Read also: How To Prevent Pulmonary Embolism.
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