Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: What, Why, and 3 Formulas

By | June 4, 2020
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is a medical relief step to restore the function of breath and or blood circulation in the body that is stopped. Cardio Pulmonary resuscitation aims to keep blood and oxygen circulating throughout the body.

CPR is usually done to people who are experiencing cardiac arrest and are unable to breathe normally. The mark can be seen from suddenly fainting and not responding when called. CPR need to be done on those who do not breathe or have their pulse stopped after an accident, drowning, or heart attack.

To conduct CPR, a person is advised to have undergone adequate training. But despite not having a certificate of training, it does not mean you are not allowed to help people in need of CPR help.

In addition, CPR must also be given if the person who is experiencing an accident does not move or does not respond to the action of awareness given by another person. To conduct CPR, a person is advised to have undergone basic medical training.

In hospitals, CPR is often done to help patients with a failure of breath or cardiac arrest (code Blue).

What is Cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedure?

Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is a life saving procedure in emergency situations that results from the loss of breathing and heart rate.

Why do Cardio Pulmonary resuscitation procedures need to be performed?

CPR procedures are performed on conditions when breathing and heart rate stops as in heart attack or drowning conditions. In such cases, CPR is needed to maintain the circulation of blood flow, especially to other areas of the brain and other vital organs while waiting for medical assistance to arrive.

What should be prepared before performing Cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedures?

First, you should know the ability of yourself in conducting CPR. If not a trained power, never get CPR training before, ever get training but have forgotten, then you are advised to provide CPR with a method of cardiac massage (100-120 times per minute) without giving breathing assistance.

However, if the manpower is trained and ready to do CPR at any time, then you are advised to conduct a complete CPR evaluation, namely heart massage, and respiratory assistance.

Before doing the CPR procedure, here are a few things you should do and check out:

  • Is the neighborhood safe? If not, secure the situation first.
  • How will the patient’s consciousness be helped?
  • If the sufferer is unconscious, pat or shake the shoulder and ask with a loud enough voice “Are you okay?”
  • If the sufferer is not responding and there are no people around you, immediately search for communication access to contact emergency numbers before performing CPR and then take the automated external defibrillator (AED), if any.
  • If the sufferer is not responding and there are two other people around you, it is immediate for the assignment, respectively to contact the emergency number and take the AED.
  • Install the AED to check the rhythm of the heart. Perform an electrical shock delivery according to the instructions contained in the AED, and then do CPR.

ABC Resuscitation Formula

Under normal circumstances, oxygen is obtained by breathing and circulated in the bloodstream throughout the body. If the respiratory and the circulatory process fails, resuscitation is required to give oxygen to the body. This action is based on 3 examinations called the ABC Measures of resuscitation: Airway, Breathing, and Circulation.

For the unconscious, follow the order of ABC before giving other help open the airway, try to make the patient breathe, and check the flow of blood circulation from the pulse or other clues such as the normality of the skin color.

If the patient does not breathe, immediately give breathing relief to blow oxygen to his body. If there is no pulse or blood circulation sign, immediately seek CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).


To open the airway, place one hand on the patient’s forehead, and two fingers under his or her chin hand shape like a pistol. Gently push the head by pressing the forehead while slightly pushing the patient’s chin.


Check the presence or absence of breath, listen to the noise or the feel with your cheeks for up to 10 seconds. When there is no sign of breathing, start artificial breathing.


To check the blood circulation, double the pulse with two fingers for 10 seconds. For infants, touch the brachial pulse on the inside of the arm. For older persons or children, feel the carotid beats in the neck in the cavity between the trachea (airways) and the large muscles of the neck.

Check for other signs of blood circulation, such as the reasonableness of the skin color. If there are no signs of blood circulation, do CPR immediately.

Read also: Water in lungs: The causes, symptoms, How to prevent and Treat it

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