3 Emergency Evacuation Procedures: Earthquake, Fire, and Work Accident

By | September 8, 2020
Emergency Evacuation

Disasters happen indiscriminately. Anytime and anywhere it can attack you, your employees, and your business personally. So that appropriate action on emergencies is necessary to protect the security of personal assets and of course yourself and your employees. Therefore, emergency evacuation planning is necessary as a preparatory moment in the event of a disaster.

An emergency is an unexpected occurrence and comes suddenly. These circumstances can threaten you, your employees, or consumers, damage to your business operations, and may cause pollution to the environment. The causes of the situation are as follows:

  • Fire
  • Flood
  • Storm
  • Tornado
  • Toxic gas leakage
  • Spillage of chemical compounds
  • Explosion
  • Work accidents resulting in physical injury and trauma
  • Earthquake.

Emergency Evacuation Procedure

An emergency is an abnormal situation that occurs suddenly or unplanned. Emergencies can cause death or injury and interfere with activities that are being carried out either by the organization; community; or society, therefore an emergency must be addressed immediately. Emergencies can turn into disasters that result in multiple casualties or damage.


The goal is as a hint and direction of minimal action to be taken in the event of an emergency.


  • Emergencies: An unwanted or planned state that interferes with normal activities that have the potential to cause harm and must be addressed



  1. Under the table that can provide sufficient security and air.
  2. Look for building columns or hallways that allow no objects to collapse in your work area.
  3. The building’s emergency staircase is the safest area of the ruins.
  4. Keep away from windows, bookshelves, roof lights, place files and other heavy items that can fall and injure you.
  5. Wait until there are further instructions from the officer.
  6.  Stay calm / don’t panic
  7. If you are in the courtyard, stay away from the building.

Read also:
How to protect yourself in an earthquake


Emergency Evacuation Procedures
  1. Stay calm.
  2. Turn off and remove all electrical equipment.
  3. Secure all important documents.
  4. Go to the nearest hydrant panel and break the glass marked “Break Glass Here”.
  5. Notify the security and inform the location of the fire.
  6. Attempt to extinguish the fire using Lightweight Fire Extinguisher. (Note: fire hoses should only be used by firefighters).
  7. If it cannot be extinguished, close all doors to the fire site, immediately leave the place and notify the security and begin evacuation procedures.

Emergency Evacuation Procedures in The Work Area

No one wants to have an accident in this world. This includes accidents that occur at work or accidents that appear to be caused by work. In fact, accidents are an emergency that can happen anytime and anywhere, without us guessing beforehand.

Although an emergency is an unforeseen situation, it still has to get quick, responsive, and serious treatment. Handling can also be an emergency response procedure for occupational safety and health.

Emergency evacuation planning procedures

Before performing emergency evacuation procedures in the work area directly, of course you must first make the planning. This planning should have been made in the first place and not just after the absence of OSH in the work area.

The contents of the planning procedure include:

  1. Starting from planning for control of the potential for emergencies using documentation methods. The documentation method is the method of creating a standard emergency, important numbers that can be contacted during an emergency. In addition, a clear organizational structure, tasks and responsibilities are neatly divided into emergency evacuation teams.
  2. Then, once planned, you can instantly socialize the standard of emergencies. This socialization aims to get employees to know how to handle emergencies properly.
  3. Once socialized, then conduct a trial. Of course, the emergency management is tailored to the schedule that has been set up by the evacuation team.
  4. As much as possible during the evacuation test, you need to prepare an emergency evacuation form. The form is used as a measuring tool for the employees’ ability to identify.

Emergency management

If an evacuation procedure has been established, the next is how it is handled in the event of an emergency. Here’s an explanation:

  1. Any employee who knows there is an emergency in the work area, it is mandatory to report it to the evacuation team.
  2. The evacuation team responsible for the safe work of employees must handle any emergency events. For example, an event such as a fire means using an extinguisher that complies with the standards of use of Lightweight Fire Extinguisher.
  3. If the emergency event cannot be handled by the evacuation team, then the team coordinator is tasked to contact the medical authorities or other more experts to ask for help.
  4. When the emergency is handled properly, the team coordinator needs to conduct an investigation with administration department no later than 2×24 hours.
  5. If things are under control, it’s a good idea to restore the work activity as it was.
  6. The results of the investigation that have been conducted are then stored in accordance with the record control procedure.

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