Decubitus or bed sores is injured because of the continuous emphasis on the same place and are usually found on the bony areas. Infection can be caused by Staphylococcus Aureus, Streptococcus Coli, Haemolytic Colon Bacilli, Procyancus Bacilli, etc.
One important aspect of nursing service is to safeguard and maintain the integrity of the patient’s skin so-preserved and intact. Intervention in the patient’s skin care will be one of the indicators of quality of nursing care provided. Damage to skin integrity can stem from injury due to trauma or surgery, but can also be caused due to the suppression of skin performance long time which causes irritation and will develop into pressure sores or decubitus.
Bed sores or Pressure sores or decubitus ulcers occur when the skin over the bony pieces due to prolonged pressure. Pressure sores are most likely to occur in an old man lying in a long time in bed, for example, was ill and hospitalized. Decubitus ulcers most commonly occur on the lower back, and the bones were protruding from the legs and ankles.
How To Prevent Bed Sores On Buttocks
A variety of efforts can be done to prevent the occurrence of decubitus, including the general state of repair with the sufferer, maintenance and good skin care, good bed linen, and the prevention of the occurrence of injuries.
- Change the position of the patient for at least 2 hours.
- Instruct the patient to sit in a wheelchair to enforce them every 10 minutes to reduce the pressure or help the patient to do so.
- Encourage fluid intake and proper nutrition and adequate. Because skin damage more easily occur and slow to heal if patients with poor nutrition.
- Immediately clean the feces or urine of the skin because it is irritating to the skin.
- Keep the skin remains dry.
- Give a little of powder on the area of friction but don’t let pile up.
- Use foam mattresses, or skin changer pressure mattress.
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