In hospitals, the Intensive Care Unit is a special care unit for patients with serious illnesses and requires close monitoring. This room is generally equipped with special equipment and health workers.
But it turns out that intensive care rooms have various types, used according to their provisions. There are specials for heart disease, for children, and even for babies.
Intensive Care Installation or intensive care unit is a care unit in the Hospital that specifically manages patients with critically or seriously ill conditions, injuries with life-threatening constituents, which require trained personnel supported by special equipment.
Monitoring is carried out rigorously and continuously on patient complaints or symptoms, vital signs, oxygen saturation, balance of bodily fluids and others. If there is a problem from this monitoring, management and evaluation will be done immediately. Treatment is carried out thoroughly in the sense that all the basic needs of the patient are regulated and assisted in such a way as to support healing.
Intensive Care Unit Types
Here’s a quick explanation of some types of intensive care rooms in hospitals quoted from various sources.
Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
The ICU is a special space for critical patients who need intensive care and continuous supervision. The ICU provides critical medical measures and life support systems in patients who are acutely ill or seriously injured.
Some of the conditions patients treated in the ICU are major trauma, severe burns, breath failure, post-organ transplants, Cardiothoracic surgery, and complex spine. Patients who are not in acute condition need the consent of the doctor concerned to be sent to the ICU.
High Care Unit (HCU)
Easily, the service at HCU is under the ICU before the patient is returned to the inpatient room. HCU is intended for patients who show improvement of the condition, no longer need to be treated in the ICU, but still need close supervision of medical personnel.
The presence of HCU is expected to increase the effect and efficiency of services in the ICU for patients. The condition of HCU patients is described as having stable respiration, hemodynamic, and consciousness conditions.
Intensive Coronary Care Unit (ICCU)
ICCU is actually the same as the ICU, but specifically for heart problems. Some of the conditions that can be treated at ICCU are coronary heart, heart attack, severe heart rhythm disorders, and heart failure.
ICCU is part of heart and vascular care centers in some hospitals. As a priority facility for patients with complications of cardiovascular disease, ICCU patients are usually in unstable condition and need extra care and attention from medical personnel.
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
The NICU provides special services for newborns or those with difficulties. NICU patients are premature babies aged 23-24 weeks to 40 weeks, who usually have a normal digestive system.
In some cases, babies are usually no longer accepted into the NICU when sick after exiting a health care facility. Hospitals usually worry that babies in poor condition will infect other patients. In these conditions, babies requiring emergency treatment will usually be sent to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU).
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)
The PICU is intended for infants who are not taken by the NICU as well as children up to the age of 18, or subject to hospital policy. In general, PICU is a transit service from child to older age. In some cases the age limit of children is blurred in patients with special needs or chronic diseases, who need treatment in the field of children even though they are in their 20s.
One example is a patient with a congenital heart defect who was recently surgery on as an old age. Some doctors do not mind patients being sent to the PICU after surgery, but some choose to go to intensive care facilities for older persons.