Healthbeautyidea.com – Kidney disease is a term that describes any disorder that occurs in the kidneys. Kidney disease will interfere with the function of this organ to clean and filter waste or toxins from the blood.
A kidney is a pair of pea-shaped organs that are in the lower back area. When the kidneys experience disorders, various complications ranging from the buildup of waste and toxins, anemia, and electrolyte disorders, can occur. Therefore, it is important to maintain kidney health and prevent kidney disease early.
Kidney Disease Types
There are several types of kidney disease that are common, namely:
Chronic kidney disease or chronic kidney failure
Kidney damage in this condition causes a gradual decrease in kidney function for more than 3 months. Chronic kidney failure is often caused by type 1 and 2 diabetes, hypertension, autoimmune diseases, or infectious diseases of the kidneys.
Acute kidney failure
In this kidney disease, there is a sudden decrease in kidney function. Acute kidney failure is often caused by a lack of fluids and blood, injury to the kidneys, or blockages that cause the return of fluid to the kidneys.
Kidney stone disease is caused by the buildup of substances and minerals that then form stones in the kidneys. This condition is often triggered by gout or urinary tract infections.
How to prevent kidney stones?
Polycystic kidney disease
Polycystic kidney disease causes the formation of cysts (fluid-filled sacs) in the kidneys, and the cause is a genetic disorder.
Kidney infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Kidney disease can also occur due to the spread of infection of the urinary tract to the kidneys.
Diabetic nephropathy is a kidney disease caused by diabetes or uncontrolled high blood sugar in the long run. This disease can cause symptoms in the form of difficulty sleeping, hives, foaming urine, limp body, and swelling of the face, legs, feet and arms.
Diabetic nephropathy is generally incurable, but treatment can be done to prevent it from getting worse and dangerous. To treat this kidney disease, the doctor will provide treatment to control blood pressure and blood sugar, suggest a low-salt diet, as well as dialysis therapy.
Nephritic syndrome is a kidney disease that occurs due to inflammation of the glomerulus or the part of the kidney that serves to filter the blood. This disease can be caused by infections, autoimmune disorders, to genetic disorders.
This disease can cause several symptoms, such as bloody urine, fever, abdominal pain, and swelling in some parts of the body, such as the eyes, legs, and arms due to fluid buildup.
To treat this kidney disease, doctors can give drugs, advising patients to go on a diet low in salt and potassium. If it has caused impaired kidney function, this disease needs to be treated with a dialysis procedure.
Nephrotic syndrome occurs when there is a leak in the glomerulus, so there is a lot of protein in the urine. Nephrotic syndrome can be caused by certain medical conditions, such as infection, diabetes, and lupus. This disease can cause symptoms such as foaming urine, edema in the eyes, legs, and arms, as well as loss of appetite.
Treatment of nephrotic syndrome needs to be adjusted to the cause. For example, if it is caused by an infection, the doctor may give medicines to overcome the infection. If caused by lupus, your doctor may give you corticosteroid medications to treat inflammation.
Kidney tumors are lumps that appear in the kidneys due to abnormal cell growth. Small kidney tumors are usually benign, while large ones are usually malignant and can cause kidney cancer.
The cause of the kidney tumor is not yet known with certainty. However, there are several risk factors that increase a person’s chance of developing this disease. These risk factors include:
- Obesity and unhealthy eating patterns
- Smo**king and consuming alco**hol
- History of hypertension or kidney cancer in the family
- Frequent exposure to toxic substances or taking certain medications
- Routinely undergoing dialysis therapy.
Most early-stage kidney tumors usually cause no symptoms. If symptoms appear, they are usually not specific and can resemble other kidney diseases.
Treatment of a kidney tumor depends on the size, stage, growth, and development of the tumor itself. The initial stage of treatment is full observation to prevent tumor growth and maintain kidney function. In an advanced stage, kidney tumors require therapy with medications and surgery.
In addition to some of the above kidney diseases, there are still several types of kidney diseases that can occur, for example, lupus nephritis or kidney inflammation due to lupus disease, and hydronephrosis.
Kidney Disease Causes
When kidney function is disrupted due to certain kidney diseases, the performance of various organs of the body will be problematic. There are several factors that can increase a person’s risk for kidney disease, including:
- Certain diseases, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and autoimmune diseases.
- Severe injury to the kidneys
- Side effects of medications
- History of kidney disease in the family
- Over 60 years old
- Smo**king and consuming alco**holic beverages.