Periodontal Disease: Definision, 2 Classifications, and Treatment

By | August 7, 2020
Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease: Definision, Classifications, and Treatment – Periodontal tissue that consisting gum and bone surrounding the teeth needs to be kept healthy. This is because the infection in periodontal tissue is one cause of tooth loss in older persons in addition to the tooth hole. According to research, periodontal infection is also associated with other diseases such as diabetes mellitus, heart disease and stroke.

Infections of periodontal tissue occur due to bacterial infections of the plaque attached to the tooth surface. The imperfect tooth plaque cleansing causes the tightening of the plaque and forms the tartar. The bacteria in the plaque and Tartar will remove toxins that can irritate the gums, damaging the adhesions between the gums and teeth so that it forms a space called a pocket or a pocket of the gums.

Infections of the gums called gingivitis often do not pose complaints to sufferers. Gums that are easily bloody and swollen, as well as a sedentary mouth odor should be a concern because it is a symptom of a gum infection.

Periodontal Disease Definition

Periodontal disease is a disease that is about the dental support network, namely gingiva / gums and periodontal tissue, which is the network that connects the teeth and bone supporting the teeth, namely the alveolar bone.

Periodontal gum disease is caused by a bacterial infection that can damage your teeth if left untreated. The word “periodontal” literally means “around the tooth.” Since periodontal disease is caused by degenerative bacteria that damage the gums and the bone structure of the support beneath it, the disease requires treatment from the earliest stages.

Periodontal Disease Classification

Gum disease has several stages. As the disease progresses, the level of periodontal treatment becomes more complex, expensive, and time consuming. It is very important for you to immediately conduct a meeting with an experienced and professional dentist if you find any signs of symptoms of gum disease.


The earliest and lightest form of periodontal disease is gingivitis. Gingivitis is characterized by swelling of gums. Often, the gums will bleed while brushing and flossing normally. Gingivitis can be cured with a professional periodontal treatment and consistent oral care at home.


There are several stages of an advanced gum disease known as periodontitis:

Aggressive Periodontitis

Aggressive Periodontitis is a form of gum disease found in patients with oral health as a whole. Common symptoms of aggressive periodontitis include a rapid increase in the size of the pouch adjacent to the tooth, which leads to bone degradation.

Chronic Periodontitis

Chronic Periodontitis is a form of gum disease that requires immediate periodontal treatment. This form of periodontitis causes inflammation in the dental support tissues that leads to progressive plaque attached and rapid bone loss. Chronic periodontitis is the most common form of gum disease and although prevalent in older persons, it can continue at any age. If left untreated, this form of gum disease will require gum surgery.

Periodontitis systemic disease

Periodontitis Systemic disease is a form of gum disease that often occurs at a young age and it is associated with pre-existing abnormalities, such as diabetes.

Necrotizing periodontal disease

Necrotizing periodontal disease is one of the most dangerous forms of gum disease. It is characterized by necrosis (the death of a support network) of gingiva tissues, periodontal ligaments, and alveolar bones. It is a very aggressive form of gum disease and often leaves gum surgery as the only treatment option for this type of periodontitis.

Periodontal Disease Treatment

Periodontal Disease Treatment


If you are diagnosed with periodontal disease in the early stages as gingivitis, it can be treated by scaling that function of cleaning plaque, calculus and “stain” thoroughly.

Deep cleaning or root planning

If the disease has evolved beyond gingivitis to Periodontitis, treatment may involve a process called “deep cleaning” or “root planing,” which involves the cleansing and smoothing of the tooth’s root surface to remove the calculus and the bacterial deposits below the gum line so that the gums can heal themselves. This procedure may require multiple meetings, depending on the severity of your periodontal disease.


In the case of advanced periodontitis, when the gum pockets have been formed between the teeth and the gums, surgery may be needed to allow the dentist to actually cleanse the tooth root and eliminate the gum pockets.

Graft gum surgery

When the gum is not enough, gum graft (gingiva) is possible. In some cases of severe periodontal disease, supporting the teeth have been partially damaged, certain surgical techniques may help the regeneration of the tissue.

Antimicrobial drug

Advances in medical technology for the treatment of periodontal disease have also been numerous. Local applications of antimicrobial drugs or antibiotics, as well as medications that control the body’s response to diseases produced by bacteria, can help slow the progression of the disease.

Read also:
How To Prevent Periodontal Disease

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