The Danger and Symptoms High Blood Pressure – Of all the health problems that dominate the world of modern health, hypertension may be one of the most challenging diseases. Not only because of the serious consequences of hypertension, this disease can also cause a myriad of problems that interfere with the heart, kidneys, brain, and even eyes. Therefore, it is important to beware the signs and symptoms of hypertension as early as possible to reduce the risk of complications from the disease in the future.
Read also: 11 Risk Factors For Hypertension.
What is the blood pressure indicating hypertension?
Hypertension can be interpreted simply as abnormally high blood pressure. Blood pressure refers to blood pressure against the artery walls when pumped out of your heart.
The blood pressure is said to be normal when indicating a number below 120/80 mmHG. If your systolic blood pressure measurement falls between 120-129 mmHg, you are considered to have increased blood pressure. This means that you have not suffered from hypertension, but you may experience this condition in the future.
While a person is said to have hypertension when the blood pressure measurement results indicates a number 130/80 mmHg or higher.
Danger of high blood diseases that cannot be underestimated
Hypertension, simply defined as blood pressure above the normal limit. Blood pressure is the pressure against the artery walls when pumped out of your heart. The strength of blood pressure can change over time, influenced by what the heart is doing (e.g. exercising or in normal / rest condition) and endurance of the blood vessels.
Usually after you have high blood pressure, your body will be susceptible to experiencing a variety of strokes. Because, this disease forces the heart to work harder to push blood through the arteries. This ultimately causes the heart muscle to thicken. Although we usually think that larger muscles are a good thing, another case with the heart muscle. Enlargement of the heart muscle is not a sign of good health.
The thickened heart muscles make the heart difficult to pump blood. In the end it can malfunction because it supports a burden that is too heavy to pump blood. In addition, high blood pressure can also cause the arteries that surround the heart to harden, eventually leading to a heart attack.
The increase in blood pressure can also weaken blood vessels in the kidneys. In fact, the kidneys are the organs in charge of clearing impurities from the body. If blood vessels begin to be disturbed, the kidneys are also affected.
Yes, the kidneys will be more susceptible to interference in carrying out its function to filter out harmful toxins from the body. If this happens, the harmful toxins that cannot be filtered by the kidneys will accumulate in the bloodstream. Consequently, you will need a kidney transplant or a dialysis. Dialysis is a treatment that involves cleaning the kidneys with the help of a dialysis machine.
In addition to threatening some of the most vital organs in the body, hypertension is also a major cause of stroke. When blood is pushed through the vessels at abnormal forces, the small blood vessels passing through the brain will burst.
If the vessels burst, blood will rapidly leak into the brain and then cause increased pressure in the brain so you suffer a stroke. High blood pressure can also severely damage the blood vessels in the eye, which causes blurred vision or even blindness.
Symptoms High Blood Pressure
You might really not realize that you are experiencing dangerous high blood pressure. The main reason for this problem is that undiagnosed hypertension often does not display signs and symptoms. The only surefire way to ensure the signs and symptoms of hypertension is through regular blood pressure tests.
In fact, uncontrolled high blood pressure can damage arterial blood vessels, especially in the kidneys and eyes. Not only that, high blood pressure also increases your risk of chronic diseases such as stroke, heart attack, and various other blood vessel problems in the future.
Therefore, it is important that you are aware of the symptoms high blood pressure as early as possible. That way, you can reduce the risk of developing various complications in the future.
Although many people experience hypertension without clear warning signs, you may be able to experience symptoms that indicate an unhealthy blood pressure level. People in this category often have blood pressure that is much higher than 120/80 mmHg.
The following are some of the most common signs and symptoms high blood pressure that may occur:
- Your blood pressure above 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mmHG)
- Severe headaches
- Blurred vision
- Bloody urine
- Bloating and difficult to urinate.
- Pain in the chest area
- Breathing difficulty
- Irregular heartbeat
- Strong pulsation in the chest, neck or ears
- Difficult to maintain balance.
How often you need blood pressure check varies in each case. In general, if you are worried about your current blood pressure levels, immediately check with your doctor.
Read also: Foods to avoid with high blood pressure list.
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