A lot of literature explains the meaning of theory derived from the word: “thea”. The theory definition may vary according to the views of theorists based on the areas of knowledge and depends on the methodology and context of the discussion.
Understanding theory in general is the analysis of the relationship between one fact and another in a set of facts arranged systematically, logical (rational), empirical (reality), also symbolic in explaining a phenomenon.
Theory definition according to experts
Here are some definitions and theoretical notions that have been summarized that comes from various sources.
Theory is a process of developing ideas that help us explain how and why an event occurs.Jonathan H. Turner
Theory is a set of ideas, constructs or variables, definitions, and propositions that give a systematic picture of a phenomenon or event by determining the relationship between variables.Creswell
Theory is an abstract concept system and the relationships of those concepts that help us to understand a phenomenon.Little John & Karen Foss
Theory is concepts related to each other that contain a systematic view of a phenomenon.Kerlinger
Theory is the opinion expressed as a description of an event or incident.Nazir
Theory is a series of interconnected parts or variables, definitions, and evidences that present a systematic view of phenomena by determining the relationship between variables, with the intention of explaining natural phenomena.John W Creswell
Theory is a statement which content causes or characterizes several phenomenaStevens
Theory is a description of a particular phenomenon, an explanation of the relationship between phenomena or predictions of causation of one phenomenon in another.Fawcett
Theory consists of generalizations intended to explain and predict a phenomenon.Travers
Theory is a collection of concepts, definitions, propositions, and variables related to each other systematically and has been generalized, so as to explain and predict a particular phenomenon (facts).Emory – Cooper
Theory is an unproven hypothesis (provisional conjecture) or speculation about an unknown reality.Calvin S. Hall & Gardner Linzey
Theory is a set of concepts that when described have a relationship and can be observed in the real world.King
Theory is a set of logical assumptions and conclusions that associate a set of variables with each other. The theory will produce forecasts that can be compared to the patterns observed.Manning
Theory is a network to capture what we refer to as the “world”. Theory helps us understand reality.Karl Popper
Theory is the process of developing ideas that will help us explain how and why an event can happen.Jonathan H. Turner
Theory is a systematic process of formulating and organizing ideas into a certain understandable phenomenon.William Doherty
A theory is a systematic set of generalized statements about a particular segment of reality.Mike Bal (1985).
A theory is a group of logically organized laws or relationships that constitute explanation in a disciplineHeinan (1985).
Theory is a simply an idea of why people are the way they are and act the way they act.Davis (2000)
Theory Definition Sociology
In general, the term theory in social sciences contains the following meanings:
- Theory is the abstraction of reality.
- Theory consists of a set of principles and definitions that conceptually organize aspects of the empirical world systematically.
- Theory consists of theorems of generalizations that are accepted / empirically proven.
In accordance with the definition of Kerlinger (1973), that theory is a set of constructs (concepts), definitions, and proportions that present systematic symptoms, detailing the relationship between variables, with the aim of predicting and explaining the symptoms, then the theory has functions, among others:
- Provide a research conception framework, and provide consideration of the need for investigation
- Through theory, we can create detailed questions for the investigation.
- Shows the relationship between the variables studied.
- Library studies include systematic identification, discovery, and analysis of documents containing information related to research issues.
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