6 Types of Hypertension, Which One Do You Have?

By | September 3, 2019
Types of Hypertension

6 Types of Hypertension, Which One Do You Have? Hypertension or high blood pressure often comes without any symptoms. High blood pressure without any obvious symptoms can affect other body organs such as the heart and kidneys.

You may only know the term high blood pressure or hypertension. But did you know, hypertension has several types. A common type of high blood  pressure, namely primary and secondary blood pressure.

This type of primary hypertension has no obvious cause. While secondary hypertension is usually caused by the history of the disease you have. Knowing different types of hypertension can lower your risk of being exposed to this disease in the future.

Read also: 11 Risk Factors For Hypertension.

While the other four types are very rare, but still need to be wary of. The four rare types of hypertension are Maligna hypertension, isolated systolic hypertension, White Coat Hypertension, and resistant hypertension.

Types of Hypertension

Types of Hypertension

Primary hypertension

In many cases, most people with high blood pressure experience primary hypertension. This type of hypertension tends to appear gradually over the years. Experts suspect that genetic factors are one of the causes of primary hypertension.

Even so, some unhealthy lifestyle habits also contribute to the cause of primary hypertension. Some of these unhealthy habits include:

  • Consuming too much salt foods such as food packaging, fast food, junk food and so forth.
  • Minimal physical activity, or lazy motion.
  • Excessive alco**hol consumption.
  • Experiencing obesity.
  • The stress.
  • Smo**king.

Read also: The best diet for hypertension.

Primary hypertension can be experienced by all ages. But middle-aged people tend to be more risky to experience this type of hypertension.

Most people who have primary hypertension have no any symptoms at all. 

Some people do not even know that have high blood pressure symptoms because often the symptoms of this disease appear similar to other medical conditions.

Since high blood pressure is a hidden and hard to detectable disease, you need to have your blood pressure checked regularly when you risk getting high blood pressure.

Secondary hypertension

On the other hand, one can experience high blood pressure because it has one or several medical conditions. Yes, other medical conditions that have first attacked may be the cause of high blood pressure. Increased blood pressure for this reason is called secondary hypertension.

This condition tends to appear suddenly and may cause blood pressure to surge higher compared to primary hypertension. Not only the influence of certain medical conditions, the use of certain medications can also contribute greatly to the cause of secondary hypertension.

Some conditions that can trigger this type of hypertension include:

  • Disorders of the adrenal glands include Cushing’s syndrome (a condition caused by the excess production of cortisol), hyperaldosteronism (Too much aldosterone), and pheochromocytoma (a rare tumor that causes excess hormone secretion such as Adrenaline.
  • Kidney diseases include polycystic kidney disease, kidney tumor, renal failure, or narrowing as well as blockage the primary arterial that is supplying the kidneys.
  • Taking medications such as corticosteroids, NSAIDS, weight loss medications (such as phentermine), some flu and cough medications, birth control pills, and migraine medications.
  • Experiencing sleep apnea, which is a condition that occurs when a person has a short pause where he stops breathing during sleep. About half of patients with this condition have high blood pressure.
  • Aortic coarctation, birth defects in which the aorta is narrowed.
  • Preeclampsia, a condition related to pregnancy.
  • Thyroid and parathyroid problems.

Malignant High blood pressure

It is the most severe and rapidly developing type of hypertension. Malignant hypertension is very fast to damage organs in the body. If in five years malignant hypertension is not treated, the consequence is death caused by brain, heart, and kidney failure. However, this type of hypertension can be treated with treatment records conducted intensively and sustainable. A person suffering from this type of hypertension perceives the numbness in the whole body, blurred vision, anxiety, and fatigue.

Isolated systolic high blood pressure

Isolated systolic hypertension is caused by age, consuming toba**cco, diabetes, and wrong diet. In this hypertension, the arteries become stiff causing systolic (blood pressure when the heart is contracted) is very high while diastolic (blood pressure when the heart breaks) normal.

White Coat Hypertension

This type of hypertension only occurs if the patient is in the center of a clinic or hospital. This type of high blood pressure is caused by nervousness when it will be inspected by the medical authorities. Outside the hospital, the blood pressure of this patient is very normal. If there is a similar thing in re-examination, this type of hypertension does not need to be treated.

Resistant hypertension

Patients with resistant hypertension do not respond to any medication anymore. Hypertension is said to be resistant if 3 types of drugs are not able to lower blood pressure. Therefore, 4 types of medications are required to lower blood pressure.

Of the six types of hypertension, there are only two types that are most commonly found. But it does not hurt to do an accurate check to know what type of hypertension you are experiencing so that the treatment will run effectively.