Water in lungs: The causes, symptoms, How to prevent and Treat it – A condition where it is known that in a person’s lung contained liquid known as pulmonary edema and if not treated immediately it will be very dangerous. Our lungs have small air sacs, and if these sacs are filled with abnormal fluid that builds up, then this is called a pulmonary edema. When the liquid is trapped in these sacs, the breathing process will be very difficult.
Pulmonary edema is a condition in which the lungs are filled with fluid. The disease is also known as congestion or water in lungs. When pulmonary edema occurs, then the body struggling to get enough oxygen, which can make you begin to experience shortness of breath.
The causes of water in lungs.
The causes of water in lungs can be divided into two classes, namely cardiogenic (cause that comes from the heart) and non-cardiogenic (the cause that are not derived from the heart).
Some cardiogenic conditions that can cause pulmonary edema are:
- High blood pressure (hypertension) uncontrollable or untreated.
- Damage to the heart muscle that causes weakness in heart function (cardiomyopathy).
- Leaks, stiffness, weakness, or heart valve damage.
- Coronary heart disease.
Without proper handling, the above conditions can cause more severe complications, namely heart failure. When the blood is no longer be pumped properly throughout the body, the pressure will form in the blood vessels of the lungs so that the body’s fluid leaks into lungs.
While the noncardiogenic factors that can cause fluid buildup in the lungs, among other things:
- Kidney failure
- Pulmonary Emboli
- Altitude sickness (high-altitude pulmonary edema)
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Dengue fever
- Side effects of the use of hero**in and co**caine.
- Nervous disorders, for example, due to brain injury or bleeding.
In addition, other factors in the emergence of fluid in the lungs can occur due to smoke inhalation when fire or toxic gas, and may also occur in victims of drowning.
Read also: How to clear mucus from lungs – Home remedies.
The symptoms of pulmonary edema
In the case of a pulmonary edema, the body would have trouble getting oxygen. This is caused by the amount of increased fluid in the lungs, which prevented oxygen moves into the blood stream. The symptoms can continue to worsen until you get treatment. The symptoms of pulmonary edema for long term, including:
- Shortness of breath when physically active.
- Difficulty breathing while lying down.
- Up at night feeling breathless is missing when you sit down.
- Fast weight gain, especially in the legs.
- Swelling in the lower part of the body.
Symptoms and complications of Water in lungs.
Water in lungs can be formed gradually, or can come very quickly, depending on the cause. These are the symptoms to look out for and complications of Water in lungs can lead to:
Acute symptoms of water in lungs.
When you acquire a sudden onset of pulmonary edema, you may find it very difficult to breathe. You can either wheezing or gasping, or feel as if you’re drowning. You may cough up blood, having the feeling or experience chest pain, sweating and rapid heartbeat.
Chronic symptoms of water in lungs.
Signs long-term water in lungs include shortness of breath when you are active, difficulty breathing with exertion, wheezing, swelling of the ankles and feet, increasing the weight of the fluid buildup, and wake up in the night feeling shortness of breath. All of these symptoms can also cause fatigue.
There are many complications of pulmonary edema. This can include swelling of the ankles or legs, swelling of your stomach, heart swelling, and buildup of fluid in your lung membranes.
How to prevent pulmonary edema.
Pulmonary edema can be prevented if you:
- Limit your cholesterol intake.
- Quit smo**king.
- Managing your stress properly.
- Control your daily salt intake.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Maintain a balanced diet.
- Maintain a healthy blood pressure.
Read also: Do we need to keep our healthy lungs?
The handling and treatment of Pulmonary Edema.
The handling and treatment of Pulmonary Edema can be different depending on the patient’s condition and illness suffered. Treatment options are:
- Glyceryl Trinitrat
- Oxygen therapy
- Half-sitting position
- Diuretics: Furosemide
- ACE-Inhibitor: enalapril, captopril
- Phosphodiesterase inhibitors (Amrinone, Milrinone, Enoximone, Piroximone)
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