Chronic is describing something that takes place in a long process or in a long period of time. Opposite: Acute.
What Does Chronic Mean?
What Does Chronic Mean?
Chronic is taking place for a long time or continuing. A disease that has been infectious continuously in a long time; Chronic (a disease that is not cured).
After knowing what does chronic mean, further, according to medical, chronic diseases are diseases that have one or more of the following characteristics:
- Result in permanent disability,
- Causes the complexity of pathophysiology,
- Requires special training for rehabilitation,
- Takes a long time to care.
Classification of chronic diseases, among others:
- Communicable: diseases that can spread from one person to another.
- Congenital: diseases/abnormalities that occurred before birth
- Degenerative: Diseases that occur due to injury or damage to organs or tissues
- Functional: A disease that results in function or appearance but does not exhibit manifestations of organs
- A Malignan: Diseases that tend to deteriorate and cause death
- Psychosomatic: Psychological diseases manifested by physiological symptoms
- Idiopathic: Unknown disease cause
- Iatrogenic: diseases caused by medical therapy.
Definition of chronic diseases.
Chronic diseases are defined as medical conditions or health problems related to the symptoms or defects that require long-term treatment. Part of this treatment includes learning to live by, while also facing any form of identity change caused by illness. Some of these include undergoing lifestyle changes and a regimen designed to maintain control signs and symptoms of and to prevent complications. (Brunner and Suddarth).
So the meaning of chronic diseases is a health disorder in one or more of the organs of the human body that lasts continuously over a long period of time resulting in no recovery. The period of chronic illness is uncertain, depending on the type of each disease. Among the diseases one with the other can not be called the same about the period or time.
As an example,t the influenza disease usually requires a cure time of 3 days, if more than 3 days then it can be called by chronic diseases. While another example is the breast cancer disease requires 1 year healing, if more than that it can be referred to as a chronic breast cancer disease.
It is very simple to refer to the chronic category of disease. Provided that more than a usual estimation of the healing period in general, then it can be called as a chronic disease.
Stages before being referred to as chronic diseases are acute diseases.
The nature of chronic diseases.
According to Wristht Le (1987) says that chronic diseases have several properties including:
The longer of chronic diseases are getting worse.
After a person has been infected, the disease will settle in the individual.
A chromic disease that can arise at any time with similar or different conditions, such as arthritis.
Chronic disease is a family problem
Essentially, this is a disease that is not cured. In addition, a professor defines chronic pain as “a change of health conditions that cannot be cured through regular surgical procedures or short-term treatment”. Chronic illness or its effects is not easy to deal with not only because of the nature of the disease or its treatment, but because the disease must be suffered for a long time.
In addition, the effects of chronic diseases are not only suffered by the patient. “Most people are part of the family,” said the book Motor Neurone Disease — A Family Affair, “and the shock and worry that the patient feels will be felt also by the closest people.” It was confirmed by a mother whose daughter had cancer. “Each member of the family is affected,” she said, “whether they show it or not, whether they realize it or not.”
Read also: Early symptoms of cervical cancer.
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