In this article, we will discuss about What Is Radiology: Definition and Types of Radiology Test.
What Is Radiology?
Radiology is a medical science to see the part of the human body using wave or radiation wave, both electromagnetic waves and mechanical waves.
At first the frequency used was X-rays, but the advancement of modern technology using very high-wave scanning (ultrasonic) such as ultrasonography (ULTRASOUND) and also MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging).
Radiology itself is further divided into two parts, namely radiodiagnostics and radiotherapy. What is the difference??
Radiodiagnostics is to diagnose the diseases using X-rays, while radiotherapy for therapy or treatment of diseases using X-ray radiation.
Example for radiodiagnostics, you have an accident and a fracture, before surgery, the doctor tells you to be in the X-rays to recommend or to the passage of the bones that have broken, well this is called radiodiagnostic.
As for radiotherapy example is for patients with cancer, in this case the cancer will be killed by radiation with a therapeutic system or treatment gradually by means of the irradiating the of the part of the object affected by cancer.
Becoming a radiographer
After completing radiodiagnostic and radiotherapy education, you have the skills and expertise to become a radiographer. You need to know, this profession is needed in line with the increasing number of hospitals and health clinics. Do not think that only the doctors and nurses needed in the medical world,
Types of Radiology Tests
After knowing about “What is radiology” and becoming a radiographer, then you also need to know about The Types of Radiology Tests.
The types of radiology tests can be classified as follows:
X-ray or Rontgen or radiography
X-ray or radiography will produce a picture of the body’s solid tissue with black and white results. This radiological test is most commonly used because it is seen from speed, ease, and more affordable cost.
This tool is used to:
- Inspection of plain X-Ray / Rontgen photos.
- CR (Computerized Radiography), to assess the film Rontgen photo digitally so that it looks clearer.
- X-ray examination and contrast substance
- Dental X-Ray.
Dental X-Ray is a tool used to photographing teeth one by one.
It is a tool for dental examinations and all teeth will be visible as well as jaw bones and jaw joints.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
MRI tests can take pictures of many parts of the body, and are very good at showing the body’s soft tissues.
MRI is a radiological examination without X-rays.
Types of tests that can be done:
- MRI head / MR angiography to see the abnormalities of brain or blood vessels.
- MRI of the spine to see abnormalities in the spinal cord e.g. HNP / nerve trapped, tumor / its spread.
- MRI of the shoulder joint, to see bone and tendon abnormalities in the shoulder joints.
- MRI of the knee, to see abnormalities in the knee joints.
- Pelvic MRI, to see abnormalities in the pelvic cavity / lower abdomen.
- Upper abdominal MRI: To see abnormalities in the liver, bile, pancreas, kidneys.
Fluoroscopy is a moving x-ray imaging test that results in the appearance of movements of the parts of the body that are scanned.
X-ray examination and contrast substance:
- The digestive tract, the examination carried out include: OMD, follow through, colon in loop, rectography
- Urinary tract, examinations performed include: BNO-IVP, Cystography, Ureterography, APG, RPG
- Blood vessels, examinations carried out, for example: Femoral Arteriography
- Spinal cord, examination carried out: Myelography
Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
Computed Tomography Scan, also known as CT Scan, is a radiological test that produces 3D images using X-rays and computer technology.
Kinds of tests:
- CT Scan Head,
- Vertebrae / spine,
Positron emission tomography (PET) Scan
Positron Emission Tomography Scan or PET scan is a radiological test that can help a doctor to check the disease in the body. The checking is done by swallowing, inhaling or injected radioactive tracer depending on the organ to be checked.
BMD (Bone Mineral Densitometry)
BMD is a tool used to detect bone mass density to know that a person has an OSTEOPOROSIS / bone impairment.
This tool is recommended by doctors internationally because the results are very accurate.
Ultrasound (Ultra Sonography)
ULTRASOUND is a tool used to detect abnormalities in the cavity in the abdominal cavity / abdomen / organs of certain organs using ultrasound waves.
Tests that can be done with ULTRASOUND:
- Abdominal ULTRASOUND
- Womb ULTRASOUND
- Thyroid / parotid goiter ULTRASOUND
- Mammae / breast ULTRASOUND
- Testi**cular ULTRASOUND
- Doppler / Color Vascular ULTRASOUND
- 4-Dimensional ULTRASOUND to see fetuses about location, position, even geni**tal face.
Thank you very much for reading What Is Radiology: Definition and Types of Radiology Test, hopefully useful.