Healthbeautyidea.com – What is the best allergy medicine? Allergies are conditions of a person’s body that overreaction to a substance, where it may not cause any reaction in some people.
There is no specific drug that can eliminate allergies. Available only drugs to relieve allergic reactions.
Allergy treatment is available in a variety of preparations, such as tablets, syrup drugs, nasal sprays, injectable drugs, and creams. Most can be purchased without a prescription, and some require a prescription from a doctor.
There are several types of allergy drugs that you can take. Recognize the difference so that you can choose the right medicine.
What is the best allergy medicine?
Antihistamines are a class of drugs that as the name implies will reduce the production of a molecule called histamine. When the body is exposed to allergens, the body will secrete histamine compounds which then cause symptoms such as itching, bumps, redness, swelling, and watery eyes and nose.
There are antihistamine drugs that can be purchased freely without a doctor’s prescription, an example of which is chlorpheniramine maleate. Some can only be purchased by prescription, such as cetirizine, loratadine, desloratadine, and fexofenadine. Cetirizine can be purchased at a pharmacy without a doctor’s prescription only if the patient has ever obtained a prescription from a doctor for the drug (repeat treatment).
One of the unpleasant effects when taking chlorpheniramine maleate is drowsiness, therefore antihistamines should be taken the night before going to bed and do not do work that requires concentration such as driving a vehicle if taking antihistamines. Antihistamines can also cause the mouth to feel dry.
Pills and Liquids
Oral antihistamines, freely available or you can get with a doctor’s prescription. It can prevent runny nose, itchy, or watery eyes, swelling and other signs or symptoms of allergies.
Because some of these medications can cause drowsiness and fatigue. Antihistamines that often cause drowsiness include:
This antihistamine is very less likely to cause drowsiness:
- Cetirizine (Zyrtec Allergy)
- Desloratadine (Clarinex)
- Fexofenadine (Allegra Allergy)
- Levocetirizine (Xyzal)
- Loratadine (Alavert, Claritin).
Antihistamine sprays help relieve when sneezing, itchy or runny nose, stuffy nose and postnasal droplets.
This nasal spray has side effects such as bitter taste, drowsiness or fatigue. Antihistamine nasal spray drugs include:
- Azelastine (Astelin, Astepro)
- Olopatadine (Patanase)
Decongestants are useful for relieving allergy symptoms associated with the airway and sinuses. This medicine has side effects of headaches and increased blood pressure. Avoid this type of medication if you have high blood pressure or heart disease.
This medicine is usually sold in combination with antihistamines. Examples of combinations are cetirizine and pseudoephedrine, or loratadine and pseudoephedrine. This drug is also available in the form of nasal sprays, for example oxymetazoline.
Corticosteroids can relieve allergy symptoms by relieving inflammation. This medicine can relieve colds and sneezes. Examples of corticosteroid drugs to treat allergies are mometasone, methylprednisolone, betamethasone, and triamcinolone.
Not only is it available in tablet form, it is also often contained in inhalers, nasal sprays, and creams.
Mast cell stabilizers
This drug works by inhibiting substances that trigger allergic reactions in the body. This medicine can be an option if antihistamines do not give any effect to your allergic reaction. This medicine requires a doctor’s prescription.
One of the heaviest manifestations of the occurrence of allergies is anaphylactic shock. Anaphylactic shock is characterized by the appearance of a reddish and itchy rash like an allergic reaction, but accompanied by severe shortness of breath, a decrease in blood pressure that can even cause loss of consciousness.
Anaphylactic shock is a life-threatening condition that must be treated immediately and the main cure for this condition is adrenaline given by injection. Adrenaline is also known as epinephrine.