All human beings want a healthy life, because there is a saying that healthy is expensive, therefore take care of your health as well as possible so that you are always healthy, because healthy is the gift of the Almighty given to the people. From the term or definition of Health is where the state of prosperity from the physical, mental and social start that allows people to live productively.
General definition is the prosperous state of the body, soul, and social that allows everyone to live productively socially and economically.
Meanwhile, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1948 stated that the definition of health is as “a physical, mental, and social state of well-being and not just the absence of disease or weakness”.
In 1986, the WHO, in its Ottawa Charter for the Promotion of Health, said that is “a resource for everyday life, not a life goal Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical abilities.
Health Definition According To Experts
An expert in the medical world, explained that health is normal in the functions of the body’s organs in carrying out their functions without pain disorders or malfunctions in performing activities.
Long before Paune expressed an opinion on health, Perkins, a medical expert, had revealed in 1938 that health is a dynamic balance between function and body shape in relation to the surrounding environment that affects both elements.
In defining health, White, who is a doctor has a way to interpret health simply. According to White, health is a normal condition of a person who does not have complaints or absence of symptoms of the disease that is medically identified during the examination process.
In contrast to the opinions of Paune, Perkins, and White, Neuman interprets health as a form of balance between physical, psychic, social, spiritual, cultural, and bio-psycho in a person’s body where it can be concluded that Neuman also leads to the meaning of mental health.
Basically health includes four aspects, among others:
Physical health is manifested if one does not feel and complain of pain or absence of complaints and indeed objectively does not appear to be sick. All organs of the body function normally or do not experience disturbances.
Mental health includes 3 components, namely mind, emotional, and spiritual.
- A healthy mind is reflected in your way of thinking.
- Emotional health is reflected in a person’s ability to express his emotions, such as fear, joy, worry, sadness and so on.
- Spiritual health is reflected in the way a person expresses gratitude, praise, trust and so on to something outside this mortal realm, namely God Almighty. For example spiritual health can be seen from one’s religious practice. In other words, spiritual health is the state in which a person performs worship and all the rules of religion he embraces.
Social health is manifested if a person is able to connect with others or other groups properly, regardless of race, ethnicity, religion or belief, social status, economy, politics, and so on, as well as mutual tolerance and respect.
Health from the economic aspect is seen when a person (older persons) is productive, in the sense of having activities that produce something that can support his own life or his family financially.
For those who are immature (student) and elderly (retirees), by itself this limitation does not apply. Therefore, for the group, what is applicable is socially productive, namely having activities that are useful in their later life, such as achievements for students, and social, religious, or other community services for the elderly.