Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery – As the most prevalence of chronic diseases in the world, heart or cardiovascular disease does require serious medical treatment. The reason, the problem with the heart organ can be very fatal and high risk for death.
In cardiovascular disease, the main problem that is common is to cure coronary arteries. In fact, coronary arteries have an important function of feeding and oxygen to the heart. If there is a blockage or narrowing in the coronary arteries, the blood supply is also reduced. Finally, over time the heart is unhealthy and permanent damage.
Nowadays, many chronic conditions can be dealt with without having to be surgery, using Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery procedures. In the cardiovascular, though, there are many conditions that can be handled with minimally invasive procedures.
Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery Procedures
Minimally invasive surgical procedures are executed only by a small incision without opening the patient’s chest cavity.
This procedure is very different from the open surgery procedure at heart. During the process of examination and planting of stents, the patient is in a state of consciousness.
Minimally invasive procedures are done by opening the blockage of the coronary arteries, so that the blood flow to the heart muscle tissue can be restored to normal conditions. The procedure is performed using a catheter, through the blood vessels in the thigh or the arm towards coronary arteries in the heart.
The development of heart surgery technology
Traditionally, for decades ago, cardiac surgery was conducted through sternotomy (large slices on the chest and splitting the breastbone) to gain access to the heart. This incision not only leaves a long, unsightly scar, but more importantly, it leads to pain, greater psychological trauma, a longer hospital stay and a longer healing period, which is more important.
With the understanding of cardiac surgery and improved technology, techniques for cardiac surgery have been improvised to reduce pain and suffering for the patient, while maintaining the safety and efficacy of the surgery.
Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery (MICS) has also been well-developed and is now recognized in most parts of the world. In fact, in most tertiary centers, for example, at the Cleveland Clinic in the United States, almost all cardiac surgeries are conducted through MICS. By following strict criteria, the length of the incision for MICS is determined to be less than 4 inches.
This technique can also be done in patients with heart disease and blood vessels.
One of the minimally invasive surgery that is done to deal with heart problems is cardiac catheterization or stenting in the heart. There are two aspects of the implementation of cardiac catheterization, namely diagnostics and intervention.
At the time of diagnosis, the examination utilizes technological modalities such as X-ray or C-Arm to locate the location of At the time of diagnosis, the examination utilizes technological modalities such as X-ray or C-Arm to locate the location of interference.
Furthermore, catheterization is done to open the stent installation path or heart ring in blocked blood vessels so that blood flow to the heart can be back to normal.
Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery Advantages
Minimally invasive surgery is a surgical action with a more minimal incision. After the action, the patient will experience
- Less bleeding,
- Less pain,
- Lower risk of complications,
- A shorter recovery period.
- The patient can also go home the same day if the procedure goes well.
- Minimally invasive procedures are also more cost-effective than heart surgery that requiring patients to undergo an intensive recovery in hospitals for days.
- No psychological effects for the patient because there is no elongated surgical scars.
Essentially, minimally invasive procedures are the medical treatment options in a more simple and convenient for patients. In addition to having a lower risk than regular heart surgery procedures, minimally invasive is also less time consuming and more cost-effective.
Thank you very much for reading Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery: Procedures, and Advantages, hopefully useful.