For us, biology is a word that is already familiar in the ears. In general, the vocabulary is paired with the word lesson so it is often referred to as biology lessons. Biology is a very important thing for human life.
What is biology?
Biology is composed of Latin, consisting of 2 words Bios and Logos. Bios means life and Logos means science. So the meaning of the word biology as a whole is the study of everything that is alive or the study of living things.. The object of biological studies at present is very wide and includes all living creatures in various aspects of its life.
Various biological branches specialize in each group of organisms, such as botany (the Science of Plants), zoology (animal Science), and Microbiology (the science of the microorganisms). Differences and groupings based on the physical characteristics of the group of organisms are studied in the systematics, which include taxonomy and paleobiology.
Biology or life Sciences is a study of life, and living organisms, including structure, function, growth, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy. The modern biological sciences are vast, and eclectic, and consist of a wide variety of branches, and subdisciplines.
However, despite its extensive scope, there are some common concepts that govern all research, thereby rearranging them in one area. Biology generally recognizes cells as the base unit of life, genes as the base unit of inheritance, and evolution as a mechanism that encourages the creation of new species.
In addition, organisms are believed to persist by consuming, and transforming energy and by regulating the state in order to remain stable, and vital.
Branches of biological sciences
After knowing about What Is Biology Definition, here are The Branches of biological sciences.
Biology has many branches of science that learn about living creatures and their surroundings in detail. The biological branches are as follows:
|No.||Branch of Biology||Explanation|
|1||Anatomy||The study of the structural parts of the body in living things.|
|2||Agronomy||The study of cultivated plants|
|3||Andrology||Science that learns about types of male hormones and reproductive disorders|
|4||Algology||The study of algae / algae|
|5||Botany||Science that learns about plants|
|6||Bacteriology||Science that learns about bacteria|
|7||Molecular biology||The study of biology at the molecular level|
|8||Biotechnology||Science that learns about the integrated use of biological processes for foodstuffs|
|9||Bryology||The study of moss|
|10||Dendrology||The study of trees and other woody plants, such as Liana|
|11||Ecology||Science that learns about the relationship of living beings with the environment|
|12||Embryology||The study of embryonic development|
|13||Entomology||Science that learns about insects|
|14||Enzymology||The study of enzymes|
|15||Evolution||Science that learns about the change of body structure of living beings slowly in a long time|
|16||Epidemiology||The study of disease transmission|
|17||Eugenics||Science that learns about the laws of trait inheritance|
|18||Endocrinology||Science that learns about hormones|
|19||Physiology||The study of physiology / body function|
|20||Physiotherapy||Science that learns about the treatment of patients with paralysis or muscular disorders|
|21||Pharmacology||The study of medicine|
|22||Genetics||Science that learns about inheritance traits|
|23||Histology||The study of networks / tissue.|
|24||Hematology||Science that learns about blood|
|25||Hygiene||Science that learns about the health care of living creatures|
|26||Herpetology||The study of reptiles / snakes|
|27||Immunology||Science that learns about immune system (immune) of the body|
|28||Ichthyology||The study of fish|
|29||Cardiology||Science that learns about the heart and blood vessels|
|30||Carcinology||The study of crustaceans|
|31||Climatology||The study of climate|
|32||Limnology||Science that learns about flowing waters|
|33||Mammalogy||The study of mammals|
|34||Mycology||Science that learns about fungi|
|35||Microbiology||The study of microorganisms|
|36||Malacology||The study of mollusks|
|37||Morphology||The study of the form or characteristics outside of organisms|
|38||Neurology||Science that handles irregularities in the nervous system|
|39||Nematology||The study of nematodes|
|40||Organology||Science that learns about organs|
|41||Oncology||The study of cancer and how to prevent it|
|42||Ontogeny||The study of the development of living things from zygote to adulthood|
|43||Ornithology||Science that learns about birds|
|44||Phylogeny||The study of the development of living things|
|45||Pathology||The study of disease and its effects on humans|
|46||Paleontology||The study of fossils|
|47||Paleobotany||The science that studies past plants|
|48||Paleozoology||The study of ancient animals|
|49||Parasitology||Science that learns about parasitic creatures|
|50||Protozoology||The study of Protozoa|
|51||Primatology||The study of primates|
|52||Pulmonology||Science that learns about the lungs|
|53||Radiology||Science to see the inside of the human body using radiation or wave radiation (electromagnetic waves and mechanical waves)|
|54||Genetic manipulation||Science that learns about the manipulation of genetic properties|
|55||Sanitation||Science that learns about environmental health|
|56||Cytology||The study of cells|
|57||Taxonomy||Science that learns about living creatures|
|58||Teratology||The study of fetal defects in the womb|
|59||Virology||Science that learns about viruses|
|60||Zoology||The study of animals|
Thank you very much for reading What Is Biology: Definition and Branches, hopefully useful.