Hospital acquired infections – It’s been a reasonable thing when someone was taken to hospital for medical treatment. Of course in the hospital, they hope the disease that they suffer to be better than ever. But what would happen if we to hospital to become sick?
This is not impossible. Infection that occurs when You are in the hospital, also known as nosocomial infections, according to the WHO, the meaning of nosocomial infections is Hospital acquired infections by patients being treated for other reasons in addition to the infection. Because of this nosocomial infection, patients take longer to get home, the automatic costs become more expensive. In fact, if patients in hospitals, more tools are mounted on you, the more at risk You are exposed to the infection. This also includes when you experience the new infections appeared after coming out of hospital.
Nosocomial infections is a term that refers to an infection that develops in a hospital environment. That is, a person is said to be affected by nosocomial infections when transmission is obtained while in the hospital. Including infection that occur in hospital with symptoms that appear when the patient returns home, and infections that occurred in workers at the hospital.
Nosocomial infections occurred worldwide and the bad effect on health conditions in poor and growing countries. In addition, nosocomial infections, including one of the biggest causes of death in patients undergoing treatment at the hospital.
Nosocomial infections are considered as one of the indicators of the quality of service of a hospital. There are 4 types of nosocomial infections the most widely found.
Hospital acquired infections
Nosocomial infections can lead to patients exposed to various diseases with symptoms that vary. Some of the diseases that most often occurs due to nosocomial infections are:
- Primary bloodstream infections.
- Urinary tract infection (UTI).
- Surgical wound infection.
The fourth type of infection is a type of nosocomial infections, or hospital acquired infections, which is most widely found. The higher number of the case, usually associated with the increasingly poor management of nosocomial infections.
Nosocomial infections are said to occur when the infection occurs within 48 hours after hospital admission, up to 3 days after coming home, or until 30 days after surgery at health facilities when patients are treated for reasons other than an infection. Patients in intensive care units have a higher risk of nosocomial infection. In Europe, the incidence of nosocomial infections can reach 20.6 percent of patients in the intensive care unit.
Nosocomial infections also extend long treatments of patients. On average, patients with nosocomial infections are hospitalized 2.5 times longer than patients without nosocomial infections. Patients with a very weakened immune system also get nosocomial infections easily.
Though it had a serious impact, nosocomial infections have not responded well in hospital. For example, data on deaths from the infection is usually not publicized widely. In addition is considered a disgrace of hospitals, as well as to facilitate the management of the handling.
How to prevent Hospital acquired infections
One of the efforts to prevent nosocomial infection is to not invite small children to the hospital. Also by always clean your hand with alcohol rub each time you connect with the patient.
Maintain the cleanliness also a simple thing that we can do in order not stricken with the infection. If you are a patient, You have to know the function of the tools installed in your body. Ask for an explanation to the nurses and the doctor, why it is needed, how long do You have to use it, and other things you want to ask. These measures certainly easier for us to do than we have to suffer pain (again) at the hospital, right?