How Many Types Of Cancer Are There?
Did you know that there are more than 200 types of cancer? A cancer diagnosis does not mean you have to face death. Millions of people around the world are living with cancer. Cancer starts from cells that regeneration process goes wrong. Additional cells will form tumors or lumps.
Not all tumors are cancerous, there are types of tumors that are benign so they are not life-threatening and can be removed. However, cells in malignant tumors can attack and damage tissues and organs of the body, as well as spread to other body parts (metastasis).
Stage examination is to determine the degree of cancer malignancies. The stage is usually based on the size of the tumor and whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or other body parts.
Types of Cancer
Cancers are named based on the initial location they appear, and can be categorized into five types.
Here’s a list of the most common cancers, with new cases and deaths estimated for each type.
- Breast cancer
- Lung cancer (including bronchi)
- Pros**tate cancer
- Colon and rectal cancer
- Melanoma (skin)
- Bladder cancer
- Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
- Kidney cancer (kidney cells and renal pelvis)
- Endometrial cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Thyroid cancer
- Liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer
Approximately 1 in 13 men and 1 in 16 women have lung cancer. People with this cancer are usually 65 years old and above. This cancer is usually caused by cigarette smoke.
The disease can also come from a family or if vulnerable to radon and certain other chemicals such as asbestos, chromium, arsenic, nickel, cadmium, beryllium, soot, and tar.
Overall, only 17% of sufferers are still alive 5 years after they find out. For those whose cancer has not spread, 54% of sufferers can live 5 years later.
But if it spreads to the nearest body part, but not far away, approximately a quarter of it, then the patient can still live after 5 years. Among people whose lung cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, 4% of their lives are at least 5 years old.
Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the lower part of the uterus, precisely in the cervix adjacent to the vagi**na.
Causes of Cervical Cancer
So far, the cause of cervical cancer is still not known with certainty. But it is likely because there are influencing factors, such as exposure to the human papilloma virus (HPV).
In addition, a supporting factor that causes cervical cancer is chlamydia infection, a type of bacteria that is prone to attack the reproductive system and spread through se**xual contact.
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
In general, early-stage cervical cancer does not cause significant signs and only begins to be seen after entering an advanced stage, such as:
- Irregular menstruation
- Discharge of blood spots outside the menstrual period
- Abnormal vagi**nal discharge that smells and mixes with blood
- Pain during inter**course
- Weight loss accompanied by nausea and fatigue.
How to Prevent Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is often a frightening scourge especially for women, but there is actually still a 40 percent hope with prevention.
To reduce the risk of cervical cancer exposure, it is worth doing early detection of cervical cancer with the VIA (Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid) method or a pap smear.
VIA examinations and pap smears can be carried out in health facilities that have trained personnel such as doctors or health center midwives.
Then you can also go to a private clinic with midwives and doctors who integrate with the Reproductive Tract Infection / STIs program.
The next most common type of cancer suffered by humans is blood cancer commonly called leukemia. It is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow that is characterized by an abnormal multiplication of white blood cells.
Symptoms of the disease are fatigue, bleeding, as well as bruising in many parts of the body. In 2000, there were 256,000 children and older persons worldwide suffering from leukemia and 209,000 of them died.