Do You often feel sad, not passionate about doing any activity, even thinking that life is no longer meaningful to continue? Don’t underestimate those feelings because you may be experiencing major depressive disorder.
Major depressive disorder, also known as clinical depression, is a protracted feeling of sadness that can no longer be overcome by just walking around or eating a favorite food. Depression like this affects feelings, mindsets, and behaviors that then also adversely affect physical and mental health.
People with major depressive disorder should undergo long-term therapy. Although it is not easy, many clinical depression patients feel better after getting drug therapy, psychotherapy, or a combination of both.
Major Depressive Disorder Causes
It is not known exactly what caused the major depressive disorder. As with many other mental disorders, various factors can be the cause, such as some below.
#1. Biological Differences
People suffering from major depressive disorders seem to have physical changes in their brains. The significance of these changes is still uncertain, but may ultimately help determine the cause.
#2. Brain Chemistry
Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals that appear naturally, and likely play a role in major depressive disorders.
Recent research suggests that changes in the function and effects of these neurotransmitters and how they interact with the neurocircuits involved in maintaining mood stability may play an important role in depression and its treatment.
Changes in the body’s hormonal balance can also cause and trigger major depressive disorders.
Hormonal changes can occur in pregnancy and several weeks or months after childbirth (postpartum) and from thyroid problems, menopause or a number of other conditions.
#4. Innate Nature
Major depressive disorder is more common in people whose blood relatives also experience this condition. Researchers are trying to find genes that may be involved in causing depression.
Major Depressive Disorder Symptoms
According to its criteria, you should have 5 or more of the following symptoms, and experience them at least once a day for more than 2 weeks:
- You feel sad or irritable most of the day or almost every day.
- You are less interested in most of the activities you have ever enjoyed.
- You suddenly lose or gain weight or experience a change in appetite.
- You have trouble sleeping or want to sleep longer than usual.
- You experience feelings of restlessness.
- You feel very tired and lack energy.
- You feel worthless or guilty
- You have difficulty concentrating, thinking, or making a decision.
- You’re thinking of hurting yourself or ki**lling yourself.
Major Depressive Disorder Impact
Actually, this depression is a mental disorder that is very related to natural and normal emotions i.e. sadness and loss. The difference is, if we are sad because of losing a girlfriend, failing an exam or experiencing other unpleasant experiences only within a certain period of time, well, depressed people can feel sadness or loss for more than two weeks, even monthly or yearly.
Furthermore, this type of disorder affects the way we function as human beings, ranging from thinking, mood, to bodily functions. Major depressive disorder, also affects motivation, impacting social life, work, school and health in general. So it’s a good idea to be more careful in using the term depression, because depression is a serious mental disorder, it can even take lives through sui**cidal behavior.
Major Depressive Disorder Treatments
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
This therapy will help people with depression to recognize negative thoughts and feelings. Make the person more aware of the reason negative thoughts and feelings come. Furthermore, psychologists will help clients to reframing so that negative thoughts and feelings do not always hinder one’s activity.
This therapy seeks to re-explore childhood traumatic experiences that could be the root of the depression. This therapy helps people with depression to explore various feelings and emotions that they have not realized since childhood. The therapy then aims to help people with depression understand their own feelings.
Pharmacotherapy is a therapy using drugs such as anti-depressants. Through medicines provided by professionals this can help people with depressive disorders to improve their mood, so that they can return to activities and focus on their work.