In this article, we will discuss Depression Definition, Types, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Prevention, and Relief Tips.
Depression is a mood disorder characterized by deep feelings of sadness and indifference. Everyone must have felt sad or moody. A person is declared depressed if they have been depressed for 2 weeks feeling sad, hopeless, or worthless.
Depression that is allowed to continue and not get treatment can lead to decreased work productivity, social relationship disorders, and the appearance of sui**cidal desire.
Depression can strike anyone, including women. Depression in women is often associated with hormonal changes, including menstruation, pregnancy, after pregnancy, or menopause. However, to date, there has been no research to ascertain the causes of more frequent depression occurring in women.
You can experience depression in different forms. Here are the types of depression in a more specific form:
Anxiety or unusual concerns about possible events.
A mixed form
A mixed form, namely simultaneous depression and mania, which includes increased self-esteem, too much talk, and increased energy.
Melancholy form, i.e. Severe depression with a lack of interest in pleasant things. In addition, you also experience deteriorating mood in the morning, major changes in appetite, to feelings of guilt.
Atypical form, which is when you can feel happy in responding to pleasant things, but only temporarily.
A psychotic form
A psychotic form, i.e. A condition accompanied by delusions or hallucinations, which may involve negative thoughts towards yourself.
Catatonia, a depression that includes motor activity involving uncontrolled movement without purpose.
Peripartum onset depression
Peripartum onset, i.e. Depression that occurs during pregnancy or in a few weeks to several months after childbirth.
This type is usually associated with changes in seasons and reduced sun exposure.
Some other mental disorders have symptoms such as depression, such as bipolar disorder, cyclothymic disorder, disruptive mood disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Depression Risk Factors
Some risk factors for depression include:
- Have a history of mental health disorders in the family.
- Abusing alco**hol or drugs.
- Having certain personality traits, such as being low self-esteem, being too harsh in self-judging, pessimistic, or too dependent on others.
- Have chronic or serious diseases, such as thyroid hormone disorders, head injuries, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, cancer, stroke, chronic pain, or heart disease.
- Take certain medications such as some high blood pressure medications or sleep medications.
- Experience traumatic events, such as se**xual violence, death, loss of a loved one, or financial problems.
The doctor will diagnose depression by conducting medical interviews, physical examinations, psychological examinations, and supporting examinations such as blood tests if necessary. This examination was carried out to determine the cause of depression.
There is no definitive way to prevent depression yet. However, you can do the following that may be useful:
- Take stress control measures, to improve your endurance and confidence.
- Get close to family and friends, especially in tough times, to help you get through it.
- Immediately seek treatment when the earliest signs of depression appear, to help prevent depression from getting worse.
Consider getting long-term maintenance therapy to prevent depressive symptoms from reappearing.
Depression Relief Tips
Depression does include diseases that have not been found a cure, but those of you who are already suffering from depression can take a variety of actions to alleviate the symptoms of depression, such as the following:
- Do not stop taking depression medication before telling your doctor.
- Stopping treatment abruptly or forgetting to take multiple doses of the drug can cause withdrawal-like symptoms and can worsen symptoms of depression.
- When you are pregnant or breastfeeding, some antidepressants may be at risk for the fetus or child still breastfeeding. Talk to your doctor when you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- Live life simply. Maybe you should allow yourself to do less work or activity if you feel tired or weak.
- Write a diary to improve your mood.
- Read books or internet sites that can help you get better.
- Do not lock yourself away or separate yourself from social activities.
Thank you very much for reading Depression Definition, Types, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Prevention, and Relief Tips, hopefully useful.