HIV infection early symptoms – People infected with HIV may not show any symptoms for many years and the number of cells in the immune system will continue to decline if not treated. Without these immune cells, it will cause many dangerous diseases.
So, how the HIV virus attacks the immune system? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infects cells of the immune system. HIV causes AIDS because the virus destroys important immune cells i.e. CD4 T cells.
Every day, your body produces millions of CD4 T cells to help maintain the immune system and fight viruses and germ attacks. Once HIV is in your body, the virus can multiply the cells continuously, improve the ability to kill CD4 T cells are infected, Then dominate the healthy T cells.
Read also: How Long Can HIV Live Outside The Body?
Early symptoms of HIV / HIV infection early symptoms
Early symptoms of HIV are so mild and have no specific characteristic. Many do not think that the actual symptoms of HIV can be similar to the symptoms that arise from other viral attacks, such as flu-like syndrome. The duration of symptoms may last for 1-2 weeks.
Some of the conditions below are early symptoms that may arise when infected with HIV:
The first HIV infection early symptoms is Fever.
One of the symptoms of acute retroviral syndrome (ARS) that first appeared is usually a mild fever with a body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius. These early symptoms may be accompanied by several other symptoms, such as fatigue, swelling of the lymph nodes, and sore throat.
Next HIV infection early symptoms is fatique.
As with the body’s response to viral infections in general, the immune system will also provide an inflammatory response to HIV infection. This will cause the body to experience fatigue and lethargic as an early symptom of HIV. Similar to the malaise that is often experienced before the flu.
Pain in the lymph nodes and muscles
Next HIV infection early symptoms is pain in the lymph nodes and muscles.
Pain in joints, muscles, and lymph nodes can also be one of the early symptoms of HIV. Lymph nodes are part of the immune system and will most likely experience inflammation during infection.
If inflammation occurs in the lymph nodes, the armpit, groin, and neck are likely to be painful. In addition, as well as other viral infections, early symptoms of HIV can include pain in the joints and muscles.
Read also: HIV Symptoms in Women That Cannot Be Ignored
The acute or early symptoms of HIV will then disappear, and enter the second stage of infection, namely the level of the non-symptomatic stage. At this stage, HIV infection will not cause any symptoms for a long time, which is about 5 to 10 years. Although it has no symptoms, it can be transmitted by HIV to others.
Without treatment, further HIV status can develop into the third stage. At this time, the body endurance has been very low so it experiences AIDS.
When it reaches the advanced stages of HIV into AIDS, the symptoms that may arise can be a prolonged fatigue, fever more than 10 days, shortness of breath, pain in the throat, yeast infections in the skin or vagi**na, chronic diarrhea (protracted diarrhea occurs up to weeks), sweating at night as well as weight loss for no obvious reason.
Four stages of HIV infection.
HIV infection can be divided into four stages, depending on how the HIV effect on your immune system:
Acute HIV Infection stage.
Within 2-4 weeks after HIV infection, many patients who experience symptoms that resemble the flu, which is the body’s natural response to HIV infection, such as fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, muscle and joint aches, pains and headaches.
During the early period of infection, virus produced in large quantities in the body. Your body responds by producing HIV antibodies and cytotoxic lymphocytes. Thus, the levels of HIV in the blood to be greatly reduced, and the number of CD4 + T cells was slightly up.
During the acute HIV infection stage, you are at high risk of transmitting HIV to a partner and drug users because the levels of HIV in the blood stream are very high.
Clinical Latency Stage.
“Latency” is the period in which the virus resides or thrive on human body with no symptoms or only mild symptoms, because infection does not cause symptoms or other complications. The second stage of HIV infection has an average duration of 10 years for people who are not taking antiretroviral treatment (ART).
If you take ART treatments, you can live with clinical latent for decades because treatments help suppress the virus.
Although the amount of HIV in the blood is very little, but HIV is very active on the lymphatic system of the body. If you have HIV and not take ART, the amount of virus will begin to rise and CD4 count begins to decrease. If this happens, you can start to have constitutional symptoms of HIV when the levels of virus in your body increased.
However, people with HIV remain infected and can transmit HIV to other people in this stage.
Symptomatic HIV infection.
Over time, HIV destroys Your immune system. If the amount of the virus continued to rise to a higher level, the immune system will deteriorate. Your health conditions reached a more serious stage.
Symptoms of Symptomatic HIV infection stage include rapid weight loss, memory loss, relapsing fever, and diarrhea more than a week. If the anti-HIV drug treatments do not work, or if the person does not perform the treatment, the immune system will start to deteriorate quickly.
In this stage, the opportunistic infections will also increase. This infection will not become a problem in people with normal immune systems, but in people with weak immune systems, the infection can be very dangerous. The infection can be cured, but the progression of the disease could not be stopped.
AIDS is the stage of the HIV infection that occurs when the immune system is severely damaged and you are vulnerable to opportunistic infections. The number of CD4 + T cells degenerates, as well as the amount of the virus is increasing significantly.
If the number of CD4 + T cells falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood (200 cells/mm3), and the patient was diagnosed with stage 4 HIV-related conditions (such as tuberculosis, cancer, and pneumonia).
Once HIV developed into AIDS, patients are easier to death. Without treatment, people who suffered AIDS typically survive about 3 years. Once you have a dangerous opportunistic disease, life expectancy without treatment is decreased to about 1 year.
Read also: How Does HIV Affect The Immune System?
Thank you very much for reading HIV infection early symptoms, hopefully useful.