Blood Pressure Medicine Side Effects – Any medication can have side effects, no exception with high blood medication. Nevertheless, it does not mean any medications you take cause side effects. Most people who use blood pressure medications will not have any problems at all.
Generally there is no way to tell if you will have any side effects from the medication you are using. You will notice any side effects when starting the use of a new drug, or if the drug dose is increased.
Everyone can experience different side effects of the same medication. For example, some people who use ACE inhibitors, namely high blood medications, can experience a dry cough effect. Other people using the same medication may not have a cough, but may feel dizziness or stomach upset.
If you have a problem with one drug, this does not mean all blood pressure medications will give you side effects. Other medications may help blood pressure without any difficulties.
Antihypertensive drugs are a group of drugs used to lower high blood pressure or hypertension. Hypertension is a condition often suffered by some people, characterized by blood pressure that is above normal levels (higher than 130/80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Blood pressure exceeding the normal limit can suppress arterial walls. If left untreated, this condition can result in more dangerous diseases such as strokes, heart attacks, heart failure, to kidney disease.
Read also: The Danger and Symptoms High Blood Pressure.
In mild to moderate hypertension, doctors will advise patients to make lifestyle improvements, such as eating low-salt foods, exercising, maintaining the ideal weight, quitting smo**king, limiting consumption Alco**holic beverages, and stress control.
Blood Pressure Medicine Side Effects
As a hypertensive patient, you should know about the types of medications you take and the possible side effects. You can ask the doctor or read the instructions on antihypertensive drugs.
For starters, here are the possible side effects of antihypertensive drugs that you can experience, depending on the type of antihypertensive you take. To be known, that the list below is the most common side effects, so beyond the following list, of course, there may be other side effects, but the case is less frequently encountered.
Here are the Blood Pressure Medicine Side Effects:
Mild side effects
Mild side effects commonly caused by hypertensive drugs are usually constipating, which is generally due to calcium blockers; Dry mouth, dehydration, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, headache, and increased sensitivity to cold or sunlight caused by some medications.
If you, or one of your family who take antihypertensive then complain of frequent urination, chances are you take an antihypertensive type of diuretics. Examples of diuretics with generic names are bumetanide, spironolactone, furosemide, Theophyyline, and all types of thalazides. The way diuretics work is to remove excess water and salt from the body. Then the frequency of urination becomes more frequent.
Because the frequency of urination becomes more frequent, the drug is recommended to take early in the morning so it does not interfere with sleep at night. As a result of frequent urination, the content of potassium, one of the minerals that the body needs, come to waste. Deficiencies of these minerals can cause other side effects in the form of cramps and fatigue especially in the legs.
Risk of cancer
Some types of high blood pressure medications have been linked to an increased risk of cancer. In a study, thousands of patients were divided into two groups, one distributed placebo (a real counterfeit drug just like candy) and another administered high blood medication known as angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARB).
It was found that the group that got ARB experienced an increased risk of cancer. A study also showed that calcium blockers, high blood pressure medications, may make women more at risk of developing breast cancer.
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors side effects
The main performance of this type of drug lies in its ability to inhibit the production of angiostensin enzymes. This enzyme is responsible for sending signals to increase the pressure on circulation and blood vessels.
Most patients get this therapy because the consideration of these types of drugs tends to be safer for the kidneys, as many hypertension patients also complain of kidney problems. It’s just that this type of drug can have side effects such as dry cough effects, bloating, complaints on the head and sometimes accompanied by issues on gastric health and migraine effects.
Other side effects:
- Heart rhythm disorders.
- Swelling in the legs.
- Heart attack and risk of stroke.
Read also: 13 Harmful Effects of Hypertension.
Thank you very much for reading Blood Pressure Medicine Side Effects, hopefully useful.