Blood Sugar Control: 13 Steps For Diabetes and Prediabetes – Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas (abdominal salivary gland) does not produce enough insulin, or when the body does not effectively use insulin.
Diabetes is usually characterized by high blood sugar levels or above normal. Normal blood sugar levels in the body, i.e. Before eating between 70-130 mg/dL. Two hours after meals, less than 180 mg/dL. After not eating or fasting for at least eight hours less than 100 mg/dL.
However, with a healthy lifestyle, diet and exercise regularly, one can control blood sugar levels and prevent diabetes. In particular, in commemoration of the World Diabetes Day on November 14, the public is again invited to apply this healthy lifestyle.
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Blood sugar control is one of the important ways to prevent diabetes.
Diabetes can be derived because there is a family history, but the talent factor is not a major factor that triggers diabetes. Because of the fact, this talent factor can also happen if there are interactions with external factors, namely lifestyle.
That is why, to help control or prevent diabetes we have to run a healthier life. Moreover, nowadays diabetes can threaten various circles and ages, even younger age.
Routine control of blood sugar is one way to minimize the risk of diabetes. But unfortunately, the habit of control of blood sugar is still very small in the community. In fact, the WHO recommends to check regular blood sugar every day, especially for people with prediabetes or diabetes.
In type 1 diabetes, it is recommended to control blood sugar intensively up to 7 times to avoid Hypoglycemia. But for those who are in dose adjustment and eating, preferably control of blood sugar at least 3 times, namely before breakfast, before lunch, and dinner.
This can be done every day for up to 2 days. Depending on your needs.
Blood Sugar Control Steps:
Diabetes is one of the diseases that is also called a silent killer. Diabetes symptoms may not be felt, but when one symptom arises, a person will be immediately diagnosed with type-2 diabetes.
Type-2 diabetes is a type of diabetes where the body does not produce enough insulin, or rejects insulin. Diabetics will experience a build-up of sugar in the body because the hormone insulin produced by the gland in the stomach or pancreas decreases.
Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas to control blood sugar levels in the body. And to control the blood sugar levels, diabetics should be able to activate the insulation again. How?
- Check family history of diabetes
- Change bad habits.
- Eating habits and balanced diets.
- Regular exercise.
- Sleep enough.
- Overcome stress.
- Routine Health Check.
These are some of the ways that diabetics can control blood sugar levels:
- Eat Healthy
- Think healthy.
- Rest healthy
- Healthy activities.
- Healthy environment.
Read also: Fasting and blood sugar levels
Sleep patterns affect blood sugar control
Research proves sleep deprivation or too much sleep can increase blood sugar levels. Unfortunately, the risk is not only experienced by diabetics, but also experienced by those who are potentially experiencing the disease.
Irregular sleep schedules and poor sleep quality have long been known to have side effects on blood sugar control in people who already suffer from diabetes. However, this research, manages to provide additional evidence.
Research is followed by 73 percent of participants with the prediabetes condition, meaning they have not suffered from diabetes, but their blood sugar levels are almost in the range of diabetes.
The rest are participants who have recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes but have not yet done any treatment.
Overall, this study involved 962 older people who are overweight or obese by the age of 20-65 years.
All participants undergo a blood test and are asked to fill out a questionnaire about the sleep patterns they are living in.
As a result, those sleeping at night less than five hours or more than eight hours have higher A1C hemoglobin levels in their blood.
This condition reflects poor blood sugar control over the last 2-3 months.
This fact proves, sleep patterns are also at risk of being bad in diabetics or prediabetes.